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HU sham test 5 [1]

〔I〕次の英文を読んで,その要旨を日本語で250-270字にまとめなさい。句読点や記号も字数に含みます。


 The word "wealth" is now used to mean material goods and financial holdings, primarily of individuals - a far more narrow usage than its roots would imply. In fact, "wealth" and "well-being" used to be far more similar in meaning. After all, the word "wealth" is rooted in "weal"一a synonym for well-being that traditionally referred to the overall health of the community. Building a good society essentially involves recapturing the original, broad-based understanding of the term wealth - well-being.


 The idea of well-being as a personal and policy goal is increasingly commonplace, appearing everywhere from popular magazines to official publications of multinational organizations such as The Well-being of Nations by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development in 2001 and Ecosystems and Human Well-being by the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment in 2003. Even the Canadian House of Commons picked up the term in legislation passed in June of 2003 entitled the Canada Well-Being Measurement Act.


 Definitions of the concept vary, but tend to coalesce(注)around several themes: the basics for survival, including food, shelter, and a secure livelihood; good health, both personally and in terms of a robust natural environment; good social relations, including an experience of social cohesion and of a supportive social network; security, both personal safety and in terms of personal possessions; and freedom, which includes the capacity to achieve development potential. In shorthand form, the term essentially denotes a high quality of life in which daily activities unfold more deliberately and with less stress. Societies focused on well-being involve more interaction with family, friends, and neighbors, a more direct experience of nature, and more attention to finding fulfillment and creative expression than to accumulating goods. They emphasize lifestyles that avoid abusing your own health, other people, or the natural world.


(注)coalesce : 癒着する,落ち着く
(Adapted from STATE OF THE WORLD 2004, Worldwatch Institute)


解答例1

 現在では狭い意味で用いられる「富」という語は,語源的には「幸福」と同義であり,良い社会を築くには,この「富」という語を「幸福」という本来の意味でとらえ直すことが必須である。個人や政策の目標としての幸福という考えはますます一般的なものになってきているが,幸福とは,日々の活動が自発的にかつストレスを伴わずに展開される質の高い暮らしであり,それに佳点を当てる社会では,周りの人と交流し,自然を直に経験し,達成感や創造性の表現にもっと注意を向ける必要があり,自分自身の健康や他者や自然環境を損なわない生活様式が強調される。


解答例2

 よい社会を築くには、現在その語源よりも狭い意味で用いられている「富」という語を、本来の広い意味で、すなわち「幸福」として捉え直すことが必要不可欠である。個人的または政策的な目標としての幸福という考えがますますありふれたものになってきているが、この幸福という語はつまるところ、日々の活動がより自発的に、よりストレスなく展開される質の高い生活を表す。幸福に焦点を当てる社会では、人々が互いの交流を増し、自然がより身近に経験され、達成感を感じたり、創造的な表現を行うことにより注意が向けられる。そして、自身の健康や他人、自然界を粗末に扱わない生活様式が強調される。