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HU sham test 5 [1]


 The word "wealth" is now used to mean material goods and financial holdings, primarily of individuals - a far more narrow usage than its roots would imply. In fact, "wealth" and "well-being" used to be far more similar in meaning. After all, the word "wealth" is rooted in "weal"一a synonym for well-being that traditionally referred to the overall health of the community. Building a good society essentially involves recapturing the original, broad-based understanding of the term wealth - well-being.

 The idea of well-being as a personal and policy goal is increasingly commonplace, appearing everywhere from popular magazines to official publications of multinational organizations such as The Well-being of Nations by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development in 2001 and Ecosystems and Human Well-being by the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment in 2003. Even the Canadian House of Commons picked up the term in legislation passed in June of 2003 entitled the Canada Well-Being Measurement Act.

 Definitions of the concept vary, but tend to coalesce(注)around several themes: the basics for survival, including food, shelter, and a secure livelihood; good health, both personally and in terms of a robust natural environment; good social relations, including an experience of social cohesion and of a supportive social network; security, both personal safety and in terms of personal possessions; and freedom, which includes the capacity to achieve development potential. In shorthand form, the term essentially denotes a high quality of life in which daily activities unfold more deliberately and with less stress. Societies focused on well-being involve more interaction with family, friends, and neighbors, a more direct experience of nature, and more attention to finding fulfillment and creative expression than to accumulating goods. They emphasize lifestyles that avoid abusing your own health, other people, or the natural world.

(注)coalesce : 癒着する,落ち着く
(Adapted from STATE OF THE WORLD 2004, Worldwatch Institute)