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HU entrance exam 2010[1]

[1] 次の英文はインターネットの百科事典Wikipedia の設立者の一人が書いた文章です。これを読んで、筆者が指摘するインターネット上の情報の問題点と、その指摘に対し予想される反論、およびその反論に対する筆者の主張を日本語で180~200字にまとめなさい。句読点や記号も1字に数えます。


 The Internet is profoundly shifting how we get information. Whether it's through Web 2.0 services like social-networking sites, or through blogs, discussion groups and the more old-fashioned hobbyist websites, it is increasingly the resource of choice. And one of its key features is that it is unedited and devoted to open contribution.


 So the Internet has become the main way we interact with the world when we're not face-to-face with it. But if it's so unedited and wide-open, surely it must output vast amounts of garbage? Well, it does.


 This problem matters. It cannot be waved aside by saying, as so many do, that we should just become our own editors and think more critically. Our decisions are only as good as the information behind them, and no amount of caution will defeat misinformation if we end up acting on it, or use it to justify our deepest beliefs. Nor can it be dismissed by saying that perhaps a little misinformation is the price we pay tor introducing democracy to the distribution of knowledge. According to this attitude, when the expert, professional journalists and encyclopedia makers are removed from their elite positions, their power is given to ordinary people. Perhaps.


 Neither of these replies helps us deal with the problem. When confronted with the fact that we are taking in more and more mental junk food, the reply appears to be: but the Internet is fantastic! I agree, it is wonderful. If I did not think so, I would not have spent so much time helping to create Wikipedia.


 But, in our admiration of this shiny new technology, should we minimize the value we place on such things as deep personal reflection, careful research, rational inquiry, and quite simply the earnest concern for the truth? I certainly hope not, because those are intellectual values on which our civilization is built.


(Adapted from BBC Focus Magazine, June 2009)


解答例1

 インターネット上の情報は、編集されておらず投稿が自由であるために「ゴミ情報」が多い。この指摘には、我々が取捨選択して批判的に考えるべきだとか、ご情報は知識の分配を民主的に行うために払う代償であるという反論が予想される。この反論に対して筆者は、インターネットのすばらしさを肯定する一方で、文明の基盤である深い内省・入念な調査・合理的探求・真実への真摯な関心といった知的諸価値の重要性も説いている。


解答例2

 インターネット上の情報には大量の偽情報が含まれている点に問題がある。編集もされず利用者に広く開かれているためであるが、これには自らが編集者となりより批判的に対処すべきだとか、知識の流通に民主的原理を導入するのに支払われるべき代償だとかいった反論が考えられる。しかし、このような反論は問題の解決に何ら寄与せず、文明の土台となっている知的価値を矮小化してしまうおそれがある。